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Early Years Foundation Stage 2016: Things to Know
The early years of any child’s life is hugely important in establishing who they will eventually become. That’s why the government places such a premium on the crucial early years from birth until age 5; the Early Years Foundation Stage is the foundation upon which later success is built. The focus is on education, development, and the care of children, all set within specific benchmarks and with assessments to ensure the expected standards have been met. In this article, we’ll take a look at the Early Years Foundation Stage for 2016. If you’re involved in childminding, nurseries, or teaching reception, then these will be the framework within which you work. If you’re a parent, this is what you can expect from those organisations when you entrust them with your child’s care. The standard targets are effective because they neutralize the hierarchy of these places – everybody follows the same rubric.
Specific Areas of Learning
It’s never too early for child to be exposed to the fundamental aspects of education, such as maths and literacy. These two are taught under the ‘essential skills’ section of Early Years Foundation Stage, which are designed to introduce to children the important components that are required to be a fully functioning member of society. The specific areas of learning also includes a section on ‘Understanding the world’, which is designed to help children understand the complex world around them. The 2016 rubric of this part includes teaching children about different communities and why some people are different from others; learning about the natural world and how we fit into it; and how technology is used in modern society. The final aspect of learning is ‘Expressive arts and design’, which is intended to nurture the child’s creative side. They will use materials, look at media, and be asked to use their imagination. These are two in non-competitive, fun ways, such as through games and songs and interactive learning.
Prime Areas of Learning
The ‘Prime Areas of Learning’ section of the 2016 Early Years Foundation Stage focuses on the physical, personal, emotional, and social development of the child and communication and language development . The physical side doesn’t really get children healthy, but rather teaches the importance of looking after themselves with the intention they’ll understand the link between their health and their own actions. They’ll learn about having a healthy diet and how to look after their own hygiene. They’ll also learn cognitive skills and how to handle tools, such as pencils.
In the communication and language development, they learn how we use communication to function as a society. They’ll learn lessons that are crucial later on it life, such as how to listen properly and give somebody the attention they need and deserve. Emphasis is also place on the correct way to use language when speaking.
The individual development section is highly important to ensure the child is emotionally and socially sound. They’ll be taught to be self-confident and not to fear trying new activities. If they know how to do something, they’ll do it; if they don’t, they’ll have the confidence to say they don’t know without fearing embarrassed. They’ll also work as part of a group to ensure they do not develop adverse conditions, such as fearing being part of a social group; this also works to make them feel confident, well rounded individuals that do not fear unfamiliar situations.
The development of the child’s Early Years Foundation Stage performance is recorded by the practitioner. They’ll be familiar with the child and will have observed up close over a period of time. Including all the subsections of the prime and specific areas of learning, there are 17 learning goals that must be recorded by the child’s teacher as either ‘emerging’, ‘expected’, or ‘exceeding’. Those with ‘emerging’ skills are those whose skills have not matured and need extra help. The assessment also notes to what extent the child is able to: play and learn; actively learn; and create and think critically – these are known as ‘3 characteristics of effective learning’. The Early Years Foundation Stage providers then give this assessment to the child’s parent, with a written summary and short commentary on their performance. The assessment will also be given to the child’s year 1 teacher, with notes on how well they demonstrate the 3 characteristics of effective learning.